Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) including moderate acute malnutrition (MAM: weight-for-height z-score <-2 to -3, or mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) 115 to 125 mm) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in under-5 children of developing/low-income countries. Approximately 14.6% of all under-5 mortality worldwide is attributed to MAM. Prevalence of MAM among under-5 children in Bangladesh is ~12% (~1.7 million). Providing a diet containing adequate nutrients is the mainstay of treatment of children with MAM.
Complementary food supplements (CFS), fortified products that are mixed with the infant's usual complementary foods, have the potential to improve nutrition among infants. In Africa, maize is a major staple food used for complementary feeding. Compared to rice or wheat, maize has higher levels of phytates, which bind trace elements such as iron and zinc, and inhibit their absorption. The impact of CFS products in the context of a maize-based diet has not been well investigated. This study will test two newly developed fat-based CFS products made from soy.
The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term impact of the Enhanced Homestead Food Production Program implemented by HKI on household food security and nutritional status, as well as the impact on including additional interventions (BCC on WASH and malaria prevention, distribution of preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)) to children aged 6-24 months old, in addition to the standard E-HFP model.
Widespread food insecurity and malnutrition are largely the main impairing factors for human capital development in Pakistan. Rates of chronic malnutrition are very high, and acute malnutrition is critical: 44% of children under five are stunted and nationwide global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates amongst children under five exceed the WHO critical threshold of 15%. Nutritional status trends also show a deteriorating situation since 1994, when stunting rates were at 36%.
The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the efficacy of the LNS on children aged 6-17 months in treating and preventing moderate acute malnutrition. The impact of product will be compared to Corn Soy Blend ++ (CSB++), Sprinkles, and to a control group consuming an unsupplemented diet, which is usually borbor at an early age and thereafter, family foods.
Globally, stunting affects 26% (165 million) of under-5-year children, underlies 15-17% of their mortality and leads to long-term cognitive deficits, fewer years and poorer performance in school, lower adult economic productivity, and a higher risk that their own children will also be stunted, perpetuating the problem into future generations. Stunting begins antenatally and peaks at 18-24 months of postnatal life, when mean length-for-age Z-score (LAZ) is about -2.0 among children living in Africa and Asia.
Globally, child undernutrition is the underlying cause for 3.1 million deaths of children younger than 5 years. 18.7 million children under five years of age suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and an additional 33 million children suffer from moderate acute malnutrition, and are at risk of developing SAM
Globally, child undernutrition is the underlying cause for 3.1 million deaths of children younger than 5 years. 18.7 million children under five years of age suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and an additional 33 million children suffer from moderate acute malnutrition, and are at risk of developing SAM.
Multi-country three-arm, individually randomized, non-masked, controlled trial to ascertain the benefits of ensuring optimal maternal nutrition before conception and providing an evidence base for programmatic priority directed to minimizing the risk of malnutrition in all females of reproductive age.
This study seeks to evaluate the impact of an intensive home-based education intervention targeting severely stunted Guatemalan children for catch up growth and improved development. Half of the children in the study will receive standard of care, which includes micronutrient supplementation and a food ration. The other half of children in the study will receive, in addition to the above, home-based dietary assessment and individualized parental nutrition education.