Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!


Displaying 1 - 25 of 85 Results
Olney, D. K., Pedehombga, A., Ruel, M. T., Dillon, A.. "A 2-year integrated agriculture and nutrition and health behavior change communication program targeted to women in Burkina Faso reduces anemia, wasting, and diarrhea in children 3-12.9 months of age at baseline: a cluster-randomized controlled trial ." The Journal of Nutrition 145 , no. 6 (2015) : 1317-1324
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Bauserman, M., Lokangaka, A., Gado, J., Close, K., Wallace, D., Kodondi, K., Tshefu, A., Bose, C.. "A cluster-randomized trial determining the efficacy of caterpillar cereal as a locally available and sustainable complementary food to prevent stunting and anaemia ." Public Health Nutrition 18 , no. 10 (2015) : 1785-92
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Ryan, K. N., Adams, K. P., Vosti, S. A., Ordiz, M. I., Cimo, E. D., Manary, M. J.. "A comprehensive linear programming tool to optimize formulations of ready-to-use therapeutic foods: an application to Ethiopia ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 100 , no. 6 (2014) : 1551-1558
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Ramírez-Luzuriaga, M. J., Unar-Munguía, M., Rodríguez-Ramírez, S., Rivera, J. A., González de Cosío, T.. "A food transfer program without a formal education component modifies complementary feeding practices in poor rural Mexican communities ." The Journal of Nutrition 146 , no. 1 (2016) : 107-13
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Cash transfer
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Phuka, J., Ashorn, U., Ashorn, P., Zeilani, M., Cheung, Y. B., Dewey, K. G., Manary, M., Maleta, K.. "Acceptability of three novel lipid-based nutrient supplements among Malawian infants and their caregivers ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 , no. 4 (2011) : 368-377
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Ruel, M. T., Menon, P., Habicht, J., Loechl, C., Bergeron, G., Pelto, G., Arimond, M., Maluccio, J., Michaud, L., Hankebo, B.. "Age-based preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change and communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: a cluster randomised trial ." The Lancet 371 , no. 9612 (2008) : 588-595
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Trehan, I., Goldbach, H. S., LaGrone, L. N., Meuli, G. J., Wang, R. J., Maleta, K. M., Manary, M. J.. "Antibiotics as part of the management of severe acute malnutrition ." New England Journal of Medicine 368 , no. 5 (2013) : 425-435
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Bauserman, M., Lokangaka, A., Kodondi, K., Gado, J., Viera, A. J., Bentley, M. E., Engmann, C., Tshefu, A., Bose, C.. "Caterpillar cereal as a potential complementary feeding product for infants and young children: nutritional content and acceptability ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. Suppl 4 (2015) : 214-220
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women
Langendorf, C., Roederer, T., de Pee, S., Brown, D., Doyon, S., Mamaty, A., Touré, L. W., Manzo, M. L., Grais, R. F.. "Preventing acute malnutrition among young children in crises: A prospective intervention study in Niger ." PLOS Medicine (2012)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Cash transfer
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM
Khan, A. I. , Kabir, I., Hawkesworth, S., Ekström, E., Arifeen, S., Frongillo, E. A., Persson, L. A.. "Early invitation to food and/or multiple micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy does not affect body composition in offspring at 54 months: follow-up of the MINIMat randomised trial, Bangladesh ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. 3 (2013) : 385-397
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women
  • GAM
Christian, P., Shaikh, S., Shamim, A. A., Mehra, S., Wu, L., Merrill, R. D., Klemm, R., Schulze, K., Pee, S., Ahmed, T.. "Effect of fortified complementary food supplementation on child growth in rural Bangladesh: A cluster-randomized trial ." The FASEB Journal 29 , no. 1 Supplement (2015) : 120.5
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • GAM
Omollo, S. A.. "Effect of improved complementary foods on lean body mass, essential fatty acids, and gross motor development of Kenyan infants ." University of Nairobi Institute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases (2014)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Prudhon, C., Langendorf, C., Roederer, T., Doyon, S., Mamaty, A., Woi-Messe, L., Manzo, M. L., de Pee, S., Grais, R. F.. "Effect of ready-to-use foods for preventing child undernutrition in Niger: analysis of a prospective intervention study over 15 months of follow-up ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 13 , no. 1 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • SAM
  • MAM
Clavier-Rogez, S., Rogez, J. B., Labrin, L., Branger, B., Dabadie, A.. "Effectiveness of a nutritional program based upon a ready-to-use therapeutic food in Chad ." Archives de Pédiatrie: organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie 22 , no. 12 (2015) : 1247-1255
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Shewade, H. D., Patro, B. K., Bharti, B., Soundappan, K., Kaur, A., Taneja, N.. "Effectiveness of indigenous ready-to-use therapeutic food in community-based management of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition: a randomized controlled trial from India ." Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 59 , no. 5 (2013) : 393-8
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Prado, E. L., Abbeddou, S., Yakes Jimenez, E., Somé, J. W., Dewey, K. G., Brown, K. H., Hess, S. Y.. "Effects of an intervention on infant growth and development: evidence for different mechanisms at work ." Maternal & Child Nutrition (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Skau, J. K. H., Touch, B., Chhoun, C., Chea, M., Unni, U. S., Makurat, J., Filteau, S., Wieringa, F. T., Dijkhuizen, M. A., Ritz, C., Wells, J. C., Berger, J., Friis, H., Michaelsen, K. F., Roos, N.. "Effects of animal source food and micronutrient fortification in complementary food products on body composition, iron status, and linear growth: A randomized trial in Cambodia ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 101 , no. 4 (2015) : 742-751
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Hossain, M. I., Nahar, B., Hamadani, J. D., Ahmed, T., Brown, K. H.. "Effects of community-based follow-up care in managing severely underweight children ." Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 53 , no. 3 (2011) : 310-319
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Prado, E. L., Maleta, K., Ashorn, P., Ashorn, U., Vosti, S. A., Sadalaki, J., Dewey, K. G.. "Effects of maternal and child lipid-based nutrient supplements on infant development: a randomized trial in Malawi ." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 103 , no. 3 (2016) : 784-793
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Amegovu, Andrew Kiri, Ochola, Sophie, Ogwok, Patrick, Yiga, Peter, Musalima, Juliet, Juliana, Mandha. "Efficacy of sorghum peanut blend and corn soy blend plus in the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in children aged 6–59 months in Karamoja, Uganda: a cluster randomized trial ." Nutrition & Dietary Supplements 6 (2014) : 75-84
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Tripp, K., Clayton, H., Nanema, A., Mujinga, W., Kupka, R., Sandalinas, F., Nanama, S., Jungjohann, S., Chatelier, M. L., Palma, C.. "Formative assessment to design the packaging of a lipid-based nutrient supplement for a home fortification program to improve the nutritional status of young children in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) ." (2013)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • SAM
  • MAM
Cheung, Y. B., Xu, Y., Mangani, C., Fan, Y. M., Dewey, K. G., Salminen, S. J., Maleta, K., Ashorn, P.. "Gut microbiota in Malawian infants in a nutritional supplementation trial ." Tropical Medicine & International Health 21 , no. 2 (2015) : 283-90
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Hsieh, J. C., Liu, L., Zeilani, M., Ickes, S., Trehan, I., Maleta, K., Craig, C., Thakwalakwa, C., Singh, L., Brenna, J. T., Manary, M. J.. "High oleic ready-to-use therapeutic food maintains docosahexaenoic acid status in severe malnutrition: A randomized, blinded trial ." Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 61 , no. 1 (2015) : 138-143
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Nguefack, F., Adjahoung, C. A., Keugoung, B., Kamgaing, N., Dongmo, R.. "Hospital management of severe acute malnutrition in children with F-75 and F-100 alternative local preparations: results and challenges ." The Pan African Medical Journal 21 (2015) : 329
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Efficacy
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Purwestri, R. C., Scherbaum, V., Inayati, D. A., Wirawan, N. N., Suryantan, J., Bloem, M. A., Pangaribuan, R. V., Stuetz, W., Hoffmann, V., Qaim, M., Biesalski, H. K., Bellows, A. C.. "Impact of daily versus weekly supply of locally produced ready-to-use food on growth of moderately wasted children on Nias Island, Indonesia ." ISRN Nutrition 2013 (2013) : 412145
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM