Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!


Displaying 1 - 25 of 28 Results
Olney, D. K., Pedehombga, A., Ruel, M. T., Dillon, A.. "A 2-year integrated agriculture and nutrition and health behavior change communication program targeted to women in Burkina Faso reduces anemia, wasting, and diarrhea in children 3-12.9 months of age at baseline: a cluster-randomized controlled trial ." The Journal of Nutrition 145 , no. 6 (2015) : 1317-1324
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Phuka, J., Ashorn, U., Ashorn, P., Zeilani, M., Cheung, Y. B., Dewey, K. G., Manary, M., Maleta, K.. "Acceptability of three novel lipid-based nutrient supplements among Malawian infants and their caregivers ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 , no. 4 (2011) : 368-377
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Ruel, M. T., Menon, P., Habicht, J., Loechl, C., Bergeron, G., Pelto, G., Arimond, M., Maluccio, J., Michaud, L., Hankebo, B.. "Age-based preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change and communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: a cluster randomised trial ." The Lancet 371 , no. 9612 (2008) : 588-595
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Langendorf, C., Roederer, T., de Pee, S., Brown, D., Doyon, S., Mamaty, A., Touré, L. W., Manzo, M. L., Grais, R. F.. "Preventing acute malnutrition among young children in crises: A prospective intervention study in Niger ." PLOS Medicine (2012)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Cash transfer
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM
Omollo, S. A.. "Effect of improved complementary foods on lean body mass, essential fatty acids, and gross motor development of Kenyan infants ." University of Nairobi Institute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases (2014)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Prudhon, C., Langendorf, C., Roederer, T., Doyon, S., Mamaty, A., Woi-Messe, L., Manzo, M. L., de Pee, S., Grais, R. F.. "Effect of ready-to-use foods for preventing child undernutrition in Niger: analysis of a prospective intervention study over 15 months of follow-up ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 13 , no. 1 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • SAM
  • MAM
Amegovu, Andrew Kiri, Ochola, Sophie, Ogwok, Patrick, Yiga, Peter, Musalima, Juliet, Juliana, Mandha. "Efficacy of sorghum peanut blend and corn soy blend plus in the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in children aged 6–59 months in Karamoja, Uganda: a cluster randomized trial ." Nutrition & Dietary Supplements 6 (2014) : 75-84
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Tripp, K., Clayton, H., Nanema, A., Mujinga, W., Kupka, R., Sandalinas, F., Nanama, S., Jungjohann, S., Chatelier, M. L., Palma, C.. "Formative assessment to design the packaging of a lipid-based nutrient supplement for a home fortification program to improve the nutritional status of young children in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) ." (2013)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • SAM
  • MAM
Cheung, Y. B., Xu, Y., Mangani, C., Fan, Y. M., Dewey, K. G., Salminen, S. J., Maleta, K., Ashorn, P.. "Gut microbiota in Malawian infants in a nutritional supplementation trial ." Tropical Medicine & International Health 21 , no. 2 (2015) : 283-90
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Purwestri, R. C., Scherbaum, V., Inayati, D. A., Wirawan, N. N., Suryantan, J., Bloem, M. A., Pangaribuan, R. V., Stuetz, W., Hoffmann, V., Qaim, M., Biesalski, H. K., Bellows, A. C.. "Impact of daily versus weekly supply of locally produced ready-to-use food on growth of moderately wasted children on Nias Island, Indonesia ." ISRN Nutrition 2013 (2013) : 412145
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Singh, A. S., Kang, G., Ramachandran, A., Sarkar, R., Peter, P., Bose, A.. "Locally made ready to use therapeutic food for treatment of malnutrition a randomized controlled trial ." Indian Pediatrics 47 , no. 8 (2010)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Scherbaum, V., Purwestri, R. C., Stuetz, W., Inayati, D. A., Suryantan, J., Bloem, M. A., Biesalski, H. K.. "Locally produced cereal/nut/legume-based biscuits versus peanut/milk-based spread for treatment of moderately to mildly wasted children in daily programmes on Nias Island, Indonesia: an issue of acceptance and compliance? ." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 24 , no. 1 (2015) : 152
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Kerac, M., Seal, A.. "Preventing acute malnutrition in young children: Improving the evidence for current and future practice ." PLoS Medicine 11 , no. 9 (2014) : e1001715
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Cash transfer
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM
Purwestri, R. C., Scherbaum, V., Inayati, D. A., Wirawan, N. N., Suryantan, J., Bloem, M. A., Pangaribuan, R. V., Stuetz, W., Hoffmann, V., Qaim, M., Biesalski, H. K., Bellows, A. C.. "Supplementary feeding with locally-produced ready-to-use food (RUF) for mildly wasted children on Nias island, Indonesia: Comparison of daily and weekly program outcomes ." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 21 , no. 3 (2012) : 374
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Tonguet-Papucci, A., Huybregts, L., Aissa, M. A.. "The MAM'Out project: a randomized controlled trial to assess multiannual and seasonal cash transfers for the prevention of acute malnutrition in children ." BMC Public Health (2015)
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
Research Gaps
  • Cost
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Jayson, L., Passarelli, S., Suri, D., Maganga, G., Marcus, S., Webb, P., Rogers, B.. "The price of oil: Behavior change communication and increased oil ration improve mothers' uses of vegetable oil in preparing food aid rations for children in Malawi ." The FASEB Journal 29 , no. 1 Supplement 898.21 (2015)
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Fenn, B., Sangrasi, G. M., Puett, C., Trenouth, L., Pietzsch, S.. "The REFANI Pakistan study-a cluster randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cash-based transfer programmes on child nutrition status: study protocol ." BMC Public Health 15 , no. 1 (2015) : 1044
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Cash transfer
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Cost
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Nikièma, L., Huybregts, L., Kolsteren, P., Lanou, H., Tiendrebeogo, S., Bouckaert, K., Kouanda, S., Sondo, B., Roberfroid, D.. "Treating moderate acute malnutrition in first-line health services: an effectiveness cluster-randomized trial in Burkina Faso ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 100 , no. 1 (2014) : 241-9
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Fenn, B.. "A cluster RCT to measure the effectiveness and of cash-based interventions on nutrition status, Sindh Province, Pakistan ." ENN Field Exchange 42 (2017) : 61
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Magnin, M., Stoll, B., Voahangy, R., Jeannot, E.. "Most children who took part in a comprehensive malnutrition programme in Madagascar reached and maintained the recovery threshold ." Acta Paediatrica 106 , no. 6 (2017) : 960-966
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Weber, J. M., Ryan, K. N., Tandon, R., Mathur, M., Girma, T., Steiner-Asiedu, M., Saalia, F., Zaidi, S., Soofi, S., Okos, M., Vosti, S. A.. "Acceptability of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic foods in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 13 , no. 2 (2017) : e12250
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Cost
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Houngbe, F., Tonguet-Papucci, A., Altare, C., Ait-Aissa, M., Huneau, J-F., Huybregts, L., Kolsteren, P.. "Unconditional cash transfers do not prevent children's undernutrition in the Moderate Acute Malnutrition Out (MAM'Out) cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Burkina Faso ." The American Society for Nutrition (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Stobaugh, H. C., Bollinger, L. B., Adams, S. E., Crocker, A. H., Grise, J. B., Kennedy, J. A., Thakwalakwa, C., Maleta, K. M., Dietzen, D. J., Manary, M. J., Trehan, I.. "Effect of a package of health and nutrition services on sustained recovery in children after moderate acute malnutrition and factors related to sustaining recovery: a cluster-randomized trial ." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Ackatia-Armah, R. S., McDonald, C., Doumbia, S., Brown, K. H.. "Effect of selected dietary regimens on recovery from moderate acute malnutrition in young Malian children ." The FASEB Journal 26 , no. 1 (2012)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Dube, B., Rongsen, T., Mazumder, S., Taneja, S., Rafiqui, F., Bhandari, N., Bhan, M. K.. "Comparison of ready-to-use therapeutic food with cereal legume-based Khichri among malnourished children ." Indian Pediatrics 46 (2009) : 383-388
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM