Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!


Displaying 1 - 23 of 23 Results
Ruel, M. T., Menon, P., Habicht, J., Loechl, C., Bergeron, G., Pelto, G., Arimond, M., Maluccio, J., Michaud, L., Hankebo, B.. "Age-based preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change and communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: a cluster randomised trial ." The Lancet 371 , no. 9612 (2008) : 588-595
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Langendorf, C., Roederer, T., de Pee, S., Brown, D., Doyon, S., Mamaty, A., Touré, L. W., Manzo, M. L., Grais, R. F.. "Preventing acute malnutrition among young children in crises: A prospective intervention study in Niger ." PLOS Medicine (2012)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Cash transfer
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM
Christian, P., Shaikh, S., Shamim, A. A., Mehra, S., Wu, L., Merrill, R. D., Klemm, R., Schulze, K., Pee, S., Ahmed, T.. "Effect of fortified complementary food supplementation on child growth in rural Bangladesh: A cluster-randomized trial ." The FASEB Journal 29 , no. 1 Supplement (2015) : 120.5
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • GAM
Omollo, S. A.. "Effect of improved complementary foods on lean body mass, essential fatty acids, and gross motor development of Kenyan infants ." University of Nairobi Institute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases (2014)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Skau, J. K. H., Touch, B., Chhoun, C., Chea, M., Unni, U. S., Makurat, J., Filteau, S., Wieringa, F. T., Dijkhuizen, M. A., Ritz, C., Wells, J. C., Berger, J., Friis, H., Michaelsen, K. F., Roos, N.. "Effects of animal source food and micronutrient fortification in complementary food products on body composition, iron status, and linear growth: A randomized trial in Cambodia ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 101 , no. 4 (2015) : 742-751
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Hossain, M. I., Nahar, B., Hamadani, J. D., Ahmed, T., Brown, K. H.. "Effects of community-based follow-up care in managing severely underweight children ." Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 53 , no. 3 (2011) : 310-319
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Amegovu, Andrew Kiri, Ochola, Sophie, Ogwok, Patrick, Yiga, Peter, Musalima, Juliet, Juliana, Mandha. "Efficacy of sorghum peanut blend and corn soy blend plus in the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in children aged 6–59 months in Karamoja, Uganda: a cluster randomized trial ." Nutrition & Dietary Supplements 6 (2014) : 75-84
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Cheung, Y. B., Xu, Y., Mangani, C., Fan, Y. M., Dewey, K. G., Salminen, S. J., Maleta, K., Ashorn, P.. "Gut microbiota in Malawian infants in a nutritional supplementation trial ." Tropical Medicine & International Health 21 , no. 2 (2015) : 283-90
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Singh, A. S., Kang, G., Ramachandran, A., Sarkar, R., Peter, P., Bose, A.. "Locally made ready to use therapeutic food for treatment of malnutrition a randomized controlled trial ." Indian Pediatrics 47 , no. 8 (2010)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Shamim, A. A., Hanif, Abu A. M., Merrill, R. D., Campbell, R. K., Kumkum, M. A., Shaikh, S., de Pee, S., Ahmed, T., Parveen, M., Mehra, S., Klemm, R. D. W., Labrique, A. B., West, K. P., Christian, P.. "Preferred delivery method and acceptability of Wheat-Soy Blend (WSB++) as a daily complementary food supplement in northwest Bangladesh ." Ecology of Food and Nutrition 54 , no. 1 (2015) : 74-92
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Innovation
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Kerac, M., Seal, A.. "Preventing acute malnutrition in young children: Improving the evidence for current and future practice ." PLoS Medicine 11 , no. 9 (2014) : e1001715
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Cash transfer
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM
Bisimwa, G., Owino, V. O., Bahwere, P., Dramaix, M., Donnen, P., Dibari, F., Collins, S.. "Randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a soybean-maize-sorghum-based ready-to-use complementary food paste on infant growth in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo ." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 95 , no. 5 (2012) : 1157-1164
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • GAM
  • Stunted
Leroy, J., Olney, D., Ruel, M.. "Strengthening and evaluating the Preventing Malnutrition in Children under 2 Years of Age approach – Burundi Follow-up Report: Children 0–23 Months ." FANTA III (2009)
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Pandya, V. P., Joshi, I. V., Sheth, A. M., Kadri, A. M.. "Studying the effectiveness of mixed models of community based and institutional based interventions for management of severe acute malnourished children ." International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 3 , no. 7 (2015) : 1758-1764
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Jayson, L., Passarelli, S., Suri, D., Maganga, G., Marcus, S., Webb, P., Rogers, B.. "The price of oil: Behavior change communication and increased oil ration improve mothers' uses of vegetable oil in preparing food aid rations for children in Malawi ." The FASEB Journal 29 , no. 1 Supplement 898.21 (2015)
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Nikièma, L., Huybregts, L., Kolsteren, P., Lanou, H., Tiendrebeogo, S., Bouckaert, K., Kouanda, S., Sondo, B., Roberfroid, D.. "Treating moderate acute malnutrition in first-line health services: an effectiveness cluster-randomized trial in Burkina Faso ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 100 , no. 1 (2014) : 241-9
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Magnin, M., Stoll, B., Voahangy, R., Jeannot, E.. "Most children who took part in a comprehensive malnutrition programme in Madagascar reached and maintained the recovery threshold ." Acta Paediatrica 106 , no. 6 (2017) : 960-966
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Delimont, N. M., Alavi, S., Lindshield, B.. "New formulations for fortified-blended foods: the MFFAPP Tanzania efficacy trial ." The FASEB Journal 31 , no. 1 (2017) : Supplement 786.15
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Lin, C. A., Manary, M. J., Maleta, K., Briend, A., Ashorn, P.. "An energy-dense complementary food is associated with a modest increase in weight gain when compared with a fortified porridge in Malawian children aged 6–18 months ." Journal of Nutrition 138 (2008) : 593-598
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • GAM
Ackatia-Armah, R. S., McDonald, C., Doumbia, S., Brown, K. H.. "Effect of selected dietary regimens on recovery from moderate acute malnutrition in young Malian children ." The FASEB Journal 26 , no. 1 (2012)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Dube, B., Rongsen, T., Mazumder, S., Taneja, S., Rafiqui, F., Bhandari, N., Bhan, M. K.. "Comparison of ready-to-use therapeutic food with cereal legume-based Khichri among malnourished children ." Indian Pediatrics 46 (2009) : 383-388
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Wilner, L., Suri, D. J., Langlois, B. K., Walton, S. M., Rogers, B. L.. "Effective delivery of social and behavior change communication through a Care Group model in a supplementary feeding program ." Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 36 , no. 34 (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Heather C Stobaugh, Lucy B Bollinger, Sara E Adams, Audrey H Crocker, Jennifer B Grise, Julie A Kennedy, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Dennis J Dietzen , Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan. "." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 106 , no. 2 (2017) : 656-666
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM