Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!



Acceptability and efficacy of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic food nutreal in the management of severe acute malnutrition in comparison with defined food: A randomized control trial

Thapa, B. R., Goyal, P., Menon, J., Sharma, A.. "Acceptability and efficacy of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic food nutreal in the management of severe acute malnutrition in comparison with defined food: A randomized control trial." Food and Nutrition Bulletin 38 , no. 1 (2017) : 18-26
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Countries
  • India
Nutritional Problems
  • SAM

Acceptability of a lipid-based nutrient supplement among Guatemalan infants and young children

Matias, S. L., Chaparro, C. M., Perez-Exposito, A. B., Peerson, J. M., Dewey, K. G.. "Acceptability of a lipid-based nutrient supplement among Guatemalan infants and young children." (2011)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Innovation
Countries
  • Guatemala
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted

Acceptability of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) among Ghanaian infants and pregnant or lactating women

Adu-Afarwuah, S., Lartey, A., Zeilani, M., Dewey, K. G.. "Acceptability of lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) among Ghanaian infants and pregnant or lactating women." Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 , no. 4 (2011) : 344-56
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Countries
  • Ghana
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women

Acceptability of lipid-based nutrient supplements and micronutrient powders among pregnant and lactating women and infants and young children in Bangladesh and their perceptions about malnutrition and nutrient supplements

Mridha, M. K., Chaparro, C. M., Matias, S., Hussain, S., Munira, S.. "Acceptability of lipid-based nutrient supplements and micronutrient powders among pregnant and lactating women and infants and young children in Bangladesh and their perceptions about malnutrition and nutrient supplements." FANTA 2 Technical Report (2012)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient products (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
Countries
  • Bangladesh
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women

Acceptability of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic foods in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India

Weber, J. M., Ryan, K. N., Tandon, R., Mathur, M., Girma, T., Steiner-Asiedu, M., Saalia, F., Zaidi, S., Soofi, S., Okos, M., Vosti, S. A.. "Acceptability of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic foods in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India." Maternal & Child Nutrition 13 , no. 2 (2017) : e12250
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Cost
  • Innovation
Countries
  • Ethiopia
  • Ghana
  • India
  • Pakistan
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Acceptability of new formulations of corn-soy blends and lipid-based nutrient supplements in Province du Passoré, Burkina Faso

Iuel-Brockdorf, A., Dræbelc, T. A., Fabiansenb, C., Cichon, B., Brix Christensen, V., Yameogob, C., Ritz, C., Frahm Olsen, M., Friis, H.. "Acceptability of new formulations of corn-soy blends and lipid-based nutrient supplements in Province du Passoré, Burkina Faso." Appetite (2015)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
Countries
  • Burkina Faso
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Acceptability of novel small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for complementary feeding in a peri-urban South African community

Rothman, M., Berti, C., Smuts, C. M., Faber, M., Covic, N.. "Acceptability of novel small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for complementary feeding in a peri-urban South African community." Food and Nutrition Bulletin 36 , no. 4 (2015) : 455-466
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
Countries
  • South Africa
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted

Acceptability of outpatient ready-to-use food-based protocols in HIV-infected Senegalese children and adolescents within the MAGGSEN cohort study

Cames, C., Varloteaux, M., Have, N. N., Diom, A. B.,, Msellati, P., Mbaye, N., Mbodji, H., Sy Signate, H., Diack, A., ANRS 12279 MAGGSEN Cohort Study. "Acceptability of outpatient ready-to-use food-based protocols in HIV-infected Senegalese children and adolescents within the MAGGSEN cohort study." Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Senegal
Nutritional Problems
  • SAM
  • MAM

Acceptability of three novel lipid-based nutrient supplements among Malawian infants and their caregivers

Phuka, J., Ashorn, U., Ashorn, P., Zeilani, M., Cheung, Y. B., Dewey, K. G., Manary, M., Maleta, K.. "Acceptability of three novel lipid-based nutrient supplements among Malawian infants and their caregivers." Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 , no. 4 (2011) : 368-377
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Acceptability of zinc-fortified, lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) prepared for young children in Burkina Faso

Hess, S. Y., Bado, L., Aaron, G. J., Ouédraogo, J. B., Zeilani, M., Brown, K. H.. "Acceptability of zinc-fortified, lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) prepared for young children in Burkina Faso." Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 , no. 4 (2011) : 357-367
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
Countries
  • Burkina Faso
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Adding a water, sanitation and hygiene intervention and a lipid-based nutrient supplement to an integrated agriculture and nutrition program improved the nutritional status of young Burkinabé children

Olney, D. K., Bliznashka, L., Becquey, E., Birba, O., Ruel, M.. "Adding a water, sanitation and hygiene intervention and a lipid-based nutrient supplement to an integrated agriculture and nutrition program improved the nutritional status of young Burkinabé children." The FASEB Journal 31 , no. 1 (2017) : Supplement 455.1
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Water
  • sanitation
  • hygiene (WASH)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Countries
  • Burkina Faso
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted

Adding multiple micronutrient powders to a homestead food production programme yields marginally significant benefit on anaemia reduction among young children in Nepal

Osei, A. K., Pandey, P., Spiro, D., Adhikari, D., Haselow, N., De Morais, C., Davis, D.. "Adding multiple micronutrient powders to a homestead food production programme yields marginally significant benefit on anaemia reduction among young children in Nepal." Maternal & Child Health 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 188-202
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Micronutrient products (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Nepal
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted

Age-based preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change and communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: a cluster randomised trial

Ruel, M. T., Menon, P., Habicht, J., Loechl, C., Bergeron, G., Pelto, G., Arimond, M., Maluccio, J., Michaud, L., Hankebo, B.. "Age-based preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change and communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: a cluster randomised trial." The Lancet 371 , no. 9612 (2008) : 588-595
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Countries
  • Haiti
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

An effectiveness trial showed lipid-based nutrient supplementation but not corn-soya blend offered a modest benefit in weight gain among 6- to 18-month-old underweight children in rural Malawi

Thakwalakwa, C. M., Ashorn, P., Jawati, M., Phuka, J. C., Cheung, Y. B., Maleta, K. M.. "An effectiveness trial showed lipid-based nutrient supplementation but not corn-soya blend offered a modest benefit in weight gain among 6- to 18-month-old underweight children in rural Malawi." Public Health Nutrition 15 , no. 9 (2012) : 1755-62
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

An energy-dense complementary food is associated with a modest increase in weight gain when compared with a fortified porridge in Malawian children aged 6–18 months

Lin, C. A., Manary, M. J., Maleta, K., Briend, A., Ashorn, P.. "An energy-dense complementary food is associated with a modest increase in weight gain when compared with a fortified porridge in Malawian children aged 6–18 months." Journal of Nutrition 138 (2008) : 593-598
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted
  • GAM