Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!


Christian Fabiansen, Charles W. Yaméogo, Ann-Sophie Iuel-Brockdorf, Bernardette Cichon, Maren J. H. Rytter, Anura Kurpad, Jonathan C. Wells, Christian Ritz, Per Ashorn, Suzanne Filteau, André Briend, Susan Shepherd, Vibeke B. Christensen, Kim F. Michaelsen, Henrik Friis. "." PLoS Medicine 14 , no. 9 (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Christian Fabiansen, Kevin PQ Phelan, Bernardette Cichon, Christian Ritz, André Briend, Kim F Michaelsen, Henrik Friis, Susan Shepherd. "." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 103 , no. 2 (2016) : 415-421
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Elazar Tadesse , Yemane Berhane, Anders Hjern, Pia Olsson, Eva-Charlotte Ekström. "." Health Policy and Planning 30 , no. 10 (2015) : 1334-1341
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • GAM
  • MAM
Heather C Stobaugh, Lucy B Bollinger, Sara E Adams, Audrey H Crocker, Jennifer B Grise, Julie A Kennedy, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, Kenneth M Maleta, Dennis J Dietzen , Mark J Manary, Indi Trehan. "." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 106 , no. 2 (2017) : 656-666
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Marly A. Cardoso , Rosangela A. Augusto, Gisele A. Bortolini, Cristieli S. M. Oliveira, Daniela C. Tietzman, Leopoldina A. S. Sequeira, Maria Claret C. M. Hadler, Maria do Rosario G. Peixoto, Pascoal T. Muniz, Márcia R. Vitolo, Pedro I. C. Lira, Patrícia C. Jaime, ENFAC Working Group. "." PLOS ONE 115 , no. 5 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Shabina Ariff, Nancy F. Krebs, Sajid Soofi, Jamie Westcott, Zaid Bhatti, Farhana Tabassum, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta. "." The Journal of Nutrition 141 , no. 1 (2014) : 20-26
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Audrie Lin, Benjamin F Arnold, Andrew N Mertens, Jue Lin, Jade Benjamin-Chung, Shahjahan Ali, Alan E Hubbard, Christine P Stewart, Abul K Shoab, Md Ziaur Rahman, Md Saheen Hossen, Palash Mutsuddi, Syeda L Famida, Salma Akther, Mahbubur Rahman, Leanne Unic. "." eLife (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women
Alemayehu Argaw, Mekitie Wondafrash, Kimberley P Bouckaert, Patrick Kolsteren, Carl Lachat, Tefera Belachew, Bruno De Meulenaer, Lieven Huybregts. "." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 107 , no. 3 (2018) : 454-464
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Boris Martinez, Meghan Farley Webb, Ana Gonzalez, Kate Douglas, Maria del Pilar Grazioso, Peter Rohloff. "." BMJ Paediatrics Open 2 , no. 1 (2018)
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Kevin B Stephenson, Sophia E Agapova, Oscar Divala, Yankho Kaimila, Kenneth M Maleta, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, M Isabel Ordiz, Indi Trehan, Mark J Manary. "." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 106 , no. 6 (2017) : 1500-1507
Study Interventions
  • Environmental enteric dysfunction (EED)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted