Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!


Displaying 151 - 175 of 260 Results
Nikièma, L., Huybregts, L., Kolsteren, P., Lanou, H., Tiendrebeogo, S., Bouckaert, K., Kouanda, S., Sondo, B., Roberfroid, D.. "Treating moderate acute malnutrition in first-line health services: an effectiveness cluster-randomized trial in Burkina Faso ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 100 , no. 1 (2014) : 241-9
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Karakochuk, C., van den Briel, T., Stephens, D., Zlotkin, S.. "Treatment of moderate acute malnutrition with ready-to-use supplementary food results in higher overall recovery rates compared with a corn-soya blend in children in southern Ethiopia: an operations research trial ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 96 , no. 4 (2012) : 911-6
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Abizari, A., Moretti, D., Zimmermann, M. B., Armar-Klemesu, M., Brouwer, I. D.. "Whole cowpea meal fortified with NaFeEDTA reduces iron deficiency among Ghanaian school children in a malaria endemic area ." The Journal of Nutrition 142 , no. 10 (2012) : 1836-1842
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Composition
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Segrè, J., Winnard, K., Abrha, T. H., Abebe, Y., Shilane, D., Lapping, K.. "Willingness to pay for lipid‐based nutrient supplements for young children in four urban sites of Ethiopia ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. Suppl 4 (2013) : 16-30
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Abbeddou, S., Hess, S. Y., Yakes Jimenez, E., Somé, J. W., Vosti, S. A., Guissou, R. M., Ouedragogo, J. B., Brown, K. H.. "Comparison of methods to assess adherence to small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) and dispersible tablets among young Burkinabé children participating in a community-based intervention trial ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 90-104
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Arimond, M., Zeilani, M., Jungjohann, S., Brown, K. H., Ashorn, P., Allen, L. H., Dewey, K. G.. "Considerations in developing lipid-based nutrient supplements for prevention of undernutrition: experience from the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS) Project ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 31-61
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Barth-Jaeggi, T., Moretti, D., Kvalsvig, J., Holding, P. A., Njenga, J., Mwangi, A., Chhaga, M. K., Lacroix, C., Zimmermann, M. B.. "In-home fortification with 2.5 mg iron as NaFeEDTA does not reduce anaemia but increases weight gain: a randomised controlled trial in Kenyan infants ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 151-162
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Cames, C., Varloteaux, M., Have, N. N., Diom, A. B.,, Msellati, P., Mbaye, N., Mbodji, H., Sy Signate, H., Diack, A., ANRS 12279 MAGGSEN Cohort Study. "Acceptability of outpatient ready-to-use food-based protocols in HIV-infected Senegalese children and adolescents within the MAGGSEN cohort study ." Food and Nutrition Bulletin (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM
Chavasit, V., Porasuphatana, S., Suthutvoravut, U., Zeder, C., Hurrell, R.. "Iron bioavailability in 8-24-month-old Thai children from a micronutrient-fortified quick-cooking rice containing ferric ammonium citrate or a mixture of ferrous sulphate and ferric sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 179-187
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Choudhury, N., Bromage, S., Alam, M. A., Shamsir Ahmed, A. M., Munirul Islam, M., Iqbal Hossain, M., Mahfuz, M., Mondal, D., Ahmed, T.. "Intervention study shows suboptimal growth among children receiving a food supplement for five months in a slum in Bangladesh ." Acta Paediatrica 105 , no. 10 (2016) : e464-e473
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Flax, V. L., Siega-Riz, A. M., Reinhart, G. A., Bentley, M. E.. "Provision of lipid-based nutrient supplements to Honduran children increases their dietary macro- and micronutrient intake without displacing other foods. ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 203-213
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Klevor, M. K., Adu-Afarwuah, S., Ashorn, P., Arimond, M., Dewey, K. G., Lartey, A., Maleta, K., Phiri, N., Pyykko, J., Zeilani, M., Ashorn, U.. "A mixed method study exploring adherence to and acceptability of small quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) among pregnant and lactating women in Ghana and Malawi ." BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 16 , no. 1 (2016) : 253
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women
Leroy, J. L., Olney, D. K., Ruel, M. T.. "Tubaramure, a food-assisted integrated health and nutrition program in Burundi, increases maternal and child hemoglobin concentrations and reduces anemia: A theory-based cluster-randomized controlled intervention trial  ." Journal of Nutrition 146 , no. 8 (2016) : 1601-1608
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women
Lesorogol, C., Jean-Louis, S., Green, J., Iannotti, L. . "Preventative lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS) and young child feeding practices: findings from qualitative research in Haiti ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 62-76
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women
Leyvraz, M., Rohner, F., Konan, A. G., Esso, L. J. C. E., Woodruff, B. A., Norte, A., Adiko, A. F., Bonfoh, B., Aaron, G. J.. "High awareness but low coverage of a locally produced fortified complementary food in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire: Findings from a cross-sectional survey ." PLOS ONE 11 , no. 11 (2016) : e0166295
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Osei, A. K., Pandey, P., Spiro, D., Adhikari, D., Haselow, N., De Morais, C., Davis, D.. "Adding multiple micronutrient powders to a homestead food production programme yields marginally significant benefit on anaemia reduction among young children in Nepal ." Maternal & Child Health 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 188-202
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Owino, V. O., Irena, A. H., Dibari, F., Collins, S.. "Development and acceptability of a novel milk-free soybean-maize-sorghum ready-to-use therapeutic food (SMS-RUTF) based on industrial extrusion cooking process ." Maternal & Child Health 10 , no. 1 (2014) : 126-134
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Rahman, A. S., Ahmed, T., Ahmed, F., Alam, M. S., Wahed, M. A., Sack, D. A.. "Double-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of wheat flour chapatti fortified with micronutrients on the status of vitamin A and iron in school-aged children in rural Bangladesh ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 120-131
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Thakwalakwa, C. M., Ashorn, P., Phuka, J. C., Cheung, Y. B., Briend, A., Maleta, K. M.. "Impact of lipid-based nutrient supplements and corn-soy blend on energy and nutrient intake among moderately underweight 8-18-month-old children participating in a clinical trial.  ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 144-150
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Efficacy
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Yousafzai, A. K., Obradović, J., Rashee, M. A., Rizvi, A., Portilla, X. A., Tirado-Strayer, N., Siyal, S., Memon, U.. "Effects of responsive stimulation and nutrition interventions on children's development and growth at age 4 years in a disadvantaged population in Pakistan: A longitudinal follow-up of a cluster-randomised factorial effectiveness trial ." The Lancet Global Health 4 , no. 8 (2016) : e548-e558
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Koroma, A., Manary, M., Marron, B., Green, J., Rogers, B., Walton, S., Chui, K. H. K., Suri, D., Langlois, B., Jayson, L., Boiteau, J., Rosenberg, I., de Pee, S., Vosti, S., Webb, P.. "Comparison of four supplementary foods in treating moderate acute malnutrition in Sierra Leone: an Ebola-constrained cluster-randomized, controlled clinic-based effectiveness trial: A Report from the Food Aid Quality Review ." (2015)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Cost
  • Effectiveness
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Irena, A., Bahwere, P., Owino, V., Diop, E. I., Bachmann, M., Mbwili-Muleya, C., Dibari, F., Sadler, K., Collins, S.. "Comparison of the effectiveness of a milk-free soy-maize-sorghum-based ready-to-use therapeutic food to standard ready-to-use therapeutic food with 25% milk in nutrition management of severely acutely malnourished Zambian children: an equivalence non-blinded cluster randomised controlled trial ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 105-119
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Cost
  • Efficacy
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Bailey, J., Chase, R., Kerac, M., Briend, A., Manary, M., Opondo, C., Gallagher, M., Kim, A.. "Combined protocol for SAM/MAM treatment: The ComPAS study ." ENN Online Field Exchange No. 53 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM
Kumwenda, G., Nhlema, B., Maganga, G., Rogers, B., Walton, S., Boiteau, J., Webb, P.. "Feasibility and acceptability study of preparing corn soy blend with fortified vegetable oil in Malawi: Formative research ." USAID Food Aid Quality Review (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Moramarco, S., Amerio, G., Ciarlantini, C., Chipoma, J. K., Simpungwe, M. K., Nielsen-Saines, K., Palombi, L., Buonomo, E.. "Community-based management of child malnutrition in Zambia: HIV/AIDS infection and other risk factors on child survival ." International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13 , no. 7 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
  • MAM