Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!


Nisbett, N., Longhurst, R., Barnett, I., Feruglio, F., Gordon, J., Hoddinott, J., Jahan, F., Karachiwalla, N., Roy, S., Shah, V., Siddiki, O. F., Tranchant, J. P., White, J.. "Impact evaluation of the DFID Programme to accelerate improved nutrition for the extreme poor in Bangladesh: Final Report ." DFID (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Iuel-Brockdorf, A., Ouedraogo, A., Ritz, C., Draebel, T. A., Ashorn, P., Filteau, S., Michaelsen, K. F.. "Feeding behaviors during home-based treatment of moderate acute malnutrition using corn-soy blends or lipid-based nutrient supplements ." Maternal & Child Nutrition (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Rogers, B. L., Wilner, L., Maganga, G., Walton, S., Suri, D. J., Langlois, B., Chui, K. K. H., Boiteau, J., Vosti, S., Webb, P.. "Program changes are effective and cost-effective in increasing the amount of oil used in preparing corn soy blend porridge for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Malawi ." Maternal & Child Nutrition (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Cost
  • Efficacy
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Oaks, B. M., Young, R. R., Adu-Afarwuah, S., Ashorn, U., Jackson, K. H., Lartey, A., Maleta, K., Okronipa, H., Sadalaki, J., Baldiviez, L. M., Shahab-Ferdows, S., Ashorn, P., Dewey, K. G.. "Effects of a lipid-based nutrient supplement during pregnancy and lactation on maternal plasma fatty acid status and lipid profile: Results of two randomized controlled trials ." Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids (PLEFA) 117 (2017) : 28-35
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Dani, V., Stav, A., Pendharkar, J., Satav, K., Sadanshiv, A., Adhav, A. S., Thakare, B.. "Community-based management of severe malnutrition: SAM and SUW in children under five in the Melghat tribal area, central India ." ENN Field Exchange 52 (2016) : 27
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Jie, C.. "Improve nutrition, food safety, and food security for China’s most vulnerable women and children – Joint final evaluation ." International Labor Office - Evaluation Unit (2013)
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Wang, A. Z., Shulman, R. J., Crocker, A. H., Thakwalakwa, C., Maleta, K. M., Devaraj, S., Manary, M., Trehan, I.. "A combined intervention of zinc, multiple micronutrients, and Albendazole does not ameliorate environmental enteric dysfunction or stunting in rural Malawian children in a double-blind randomized controlled trial ." The Journal of Nutrition 147 , no. 1 (2017) : 97-103
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Zhang, Y., Wu, Q., Wang, W., van Velthoven, M. H., Chang, Z., Han, H., Xing, M., Chen, L., Scherpbier, R. W.. "Effectiveness of complementary food supplements and dietary counselling on anaemia and stunting in children aged 6–23 months in poor areas of Qinghai Province, China: a controlled interventional study ." BMJ Open 6 , no. e011234 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Isanka, S., Menzies, N. A., Sayyad, J., Ayoola, M., Grais, R. F., Doyon, S.. "Cost analysis of the treatment of severe acute malnutrition in West Africa ." Maternal & Child Nutrition (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Cost
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Dewey, K. G., Mridha, M. K., Matias, S. L., Arnold, C. D., Cummins, J. R., Khan, M. S. A., Maalouf-Manasseh, Z., Siddiqui, Z., Ullah, B. "Lipid-based nutrient supplementation in the first 1000 d improves child growth in Bangladesh: a cluster-randomized effectiveness trial ." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • Pregnant & Lactating Women
Bhandari, N., Mohan, S. B., Bose, A., Iyengar, S. D., Taneja, S., Mazumder, S., Pricilla, R. A., Iyengar, K., Sachdev, H. S., Mohan, V. R., Suhalka, V., Yoshida, S., Martines, J., Bahl, R.. "Efficacy of three feeding regimens for home-based management of children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition: a randomised trial in India ." BMJ Global Health 1 , no. e000144 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
  • Other
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Fenn, B.. "A cluster RCT to measure the effectiveness and of cash-based interventions on nutrition status, Sindh Province, Pakistan ." ENN Field Exchange 42 (2017) : 61
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
  • MAM
Fatima, S., Malkova, D., Wright, C., Gerasimidis, K.. "Impact of therapeutic food compared to oral nutritional supplements on nutritional outcomes in mildly underweight healthy children in a low-medium income society ." Clinical Nutrition (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Composition
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Matias, S. L., Chaparro, C. M., Perez-Exposito, A. B., Peerson, J. M., Dewey, K. G.. "Acceptability of a lipid-based nutrient supplement among Guatemalan infants and young children ." (2011)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Jadhav, A., Dias, B., Shah, N., Fernandes, L., Fernandes, S., Surve, A., Dhami-Shah, H., Murty, S., Joshi, N., Manglani, M.. "A randomized controlled facility based trial to assess the impact of indigenously prepared ready to use therapeutic food (RUTF) for children with severe acute malnutrition in India ." Pediatric Oncall Journal 13 , no. 4 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Magnin, M., Stoll, B., Voahangy, R., Jeannot, E.. "Most children who took part in a comprehensive malnutrition programme in Madagascar reached and maintained the recovery threshold ." Acta Paediatrica 106 , no. 6 (2017) : 960-966
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Locally produced
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Versloot, C. J., Voskuijl, W., van Vliet, S. J., van den Heuvel, M., Carter, J. C., Phiri, A., Kerac, M., Heikens, G. T., van Rheenen, P. F., Bandsma, R. H. J.. " Effectiveness of three commonly used transition phase diets in the inpatient management of children with severe acute malnutrition: a pilot randomized controlled trial in Malawi ." BMC Pediatrics 17 , no. 112 (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM
Weber, J. M., Ryan, K. N., Tandon, R., Mathur, M., Girma, T., Steiner-Asiedu, M., Saalia, F., Zaidi, S., Soofi, S., Okos, M., Vosti, S. A.. "Acceptability of locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic foods in Ethiopia, Ghana, Pakistan and India ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 13 , no. 2 (2017) : e12250
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Cost
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Olney, D. K., Bliznashka, L., Becquey, E., Birba, O., Ruel, M.. "Adding a water, sanitation and hygiene intervention and a lipid-based nutrient supplement to an integrated agriculture and nutrition program improved the nutritional status of young Burkinabé children ." The FASEB Journal 31 , no. 1 (2017) : Supplement 455.1
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Houngbe, F., Tonguet-Papucci, A., Altare, C., Ait-Aissa, M., Huneau, J-F., Huybregts, L., Kolsteren, P.. "Unconditional cash transfers do not prevent children's undernutrition in the Moderate Acute Malnutrition Out (MAM'Out) cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Burkina Faso ." The American Society for Nutrition (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Kodish, S. R., Aburto, N. J., Hambayi, M. N., Dibari, F., Gittelsohn, J.. "Patterns and determinants of small-quantity LNS utilization in rural Malawi and Mozambique: considerations for interventions with specialized nutritious foods ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 13 , no. 1 (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Style, S., Tondeur, M., Grijalva-Eternod, C., Pringle, J., Kassim, I., Wilkinson, C., Oman, A., Dolan, C., Spiegel, P., Seal, A.. "Assessment of the effectiveness of a small quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement on reducing anaemia and stunting in refugee populations in the Horn of Africa: Secondary data analysis ." PLoS One 12 , no. 6 (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Locks, L. M., Reerink, I., Tucker Brown, A., Gnegne, S., Ramalanjaona, N., Nanama, S., Duggan, C. P., Garg, A.. "The impact of integrated infant and young child feeding and micronutrient powder intervention on feeding practices and anemia in children aged 6-23 months in Madagascar ." Nutrients 9 , no. 6 (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Stunted
Stobaugh, H. C., Bollinger, L. B., Adams, S. E., Crocker, A. H., Grise, J. B., Kennedy, J. A., Thakwalakwa, C., Maleta, K. M., Dietzen, D. J., Manary, M. J., Trehan, I.. "Effect of a package of health and nutrition services on sustained recovery in children after moderate acute malnutrition and factors related to sustaining recovery: a cluster-randomized trial ." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • MAM
Grellety, E., Babakazo, P., Bangana, A., Mwamba, G., Lezama, I., Zagre, N. M., Ategbo, E-A.. " Effects of unconditional cash transfers on the outcome of treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM): a cluster-randomised trial in the Democratic Republic of the Congo   ." BMC Medicine 15 , no. 87 (2017)
Study Interventions
  • Cash transfer
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • SAM