Published Studies

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!



Establishing desirable fortificant levels for calcium, iron and zinc in foods for infant and young child feeding: examples from three Asian countries

Gibbs, M. M., Carriquiry, A. L., Capanzana, M. V., Gibson, R. S.. "Establishing desirable fortificant levels for calcium, iron and zinc in foods for infant and young child feeding: examples from three Asian countries." Maternal & Child Nutrition 10 , no. 1 (2014) : 112-125
Study Interventions
  • Micronutrient products (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Composition
Countries
  • Philippines
  • Mongolia
  • Cambodia
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted

Evaluation of the acceptability of improved supplementary foods for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Burkina Faso using a mixed method approach

Iuel-Brockdorf, A. S., Draebel, T. A., Ritz, C., Fabiansen, C., Cichon, B., Brix Christensen, V., Yameogo, C., Oummani, R., Briend, A., Michaelsen, K. F., Ashorn, P., Filteau, S., Friis, H.. "Evaluation of the acceptability of improved supplementary foods for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Burkina Faso using a mixed method approach." Appetite 99 (2016) : 34-45
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Burkina Faso
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Extending supplementary feeding for children younger than 5 years with moderate acute malnutrition leads to lower relapse rates

Trehan, I., Banerjee, S., Murray, E.. "Extending supplementary feeding for children younger than 5 years with moderate acute malnutrition leads to lower relapse rates." Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition 60 , no. 4 (2015) : 544-549
Study Interventions
  • Animal-source protein
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Feasibility and acceptability study of preparing corn soy blend with fortified vegetable oil in Malawi: Formative research

Kumwenda, G., Nhlema, B., Maganga, G., Rogers, B., Walton, S., Boiteau, J., Webb, P.. "Feasibility and acceptability study of preparing corn soy blend with fortified vegetable oil in Malawi: Formative research." USAID Food Aid Quality Review (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Feeding behaviors during home-based treatment of moderate acute malnutrition using corn-soy blends or lipid-based nutrient supplements

Iuel-Brockdorf, A., Ouedraogo, A., Ritz, C., Draebel, T. A., Ashorn, P., Filteau, S., Michaelsen, K. F.. "Feeding behaviors during home-based treatment of moderate acute malnutrition using corn-soy blends or lipid-based nutrient supplements." Maternal & Child Nutrition (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Use
Countries
  • Burkina Faso
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Feeding patterns and behaviors during home supplementation of underweight Malawian children with lipid-based nutrient supplements or corn-soy blend

Flax, V. L., Phuka, J., Cheung, Y. B., Ashorn, U., Maleta, K., Ashorn, P.. "Feeding patterns and behaviors during home supplementation of underweight Malawian children with lipid-based nutrient supplements or corn-soy blend." Appetite 54 , no. 3 (2010) : 504-11
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Use
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Follow-up of post-discharge growth and mortality after treatment for severe acute malnutrition (FuSAM study): a prospective cohort study

Kerac, M., Bunn, J., Chagaluka, G., Bahwere, P., Tomkins, A., Collins, S., Seal, A.. "Follow-up of post-discharge growth and mortality after treatment for severe acute malnutrition (FuSAM study): a prospective cohort study." PloS One 9 , no. 6 (2014) : e96030
Study Interventions
  • Other
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • SAM

Follow-up status of children with SAM treated with RUTF in peri-urban and rural Northern Bangladesh

Banerjee, C., Hoq, M., Matin, E.. "Follow-up status of children with SAM treated with RUTF in peri-urban and rural Northern Bangladesh." ENN Field Exchange , no. 50 (2015) : 9
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Bangladesh
Nutritional Problems
  • SAM

Food sharing practices in households receiving supplemental foods for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Ethiopian children

Karakochuk, C. D., van den Briel, T., Stephens, D., Zlotkin, S.. "Food sharing practices in households receiving supplemental foods for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Ethiopian children." Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 10 , no. 3 (2015) : 343-355
Study Interventions
  • Fortified blended foods (FBF)
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Use
Countries
  • Ethiopia
Nutritional Problems
  • MAM

Formative assessment to design the packaging of a lipid-based nutrient supplement for a home fortification program to improve the nutritional status of young children in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

Tripp, K., Clayton, H., Nanema, A., Mujinga, W., Kupka, R., Sandalinas, F., Nanama, S., Jungjohann, S., Chatelier, M. L., Palma, C.. "Formative assessment to design the packaging of a lipid-based nutrient supplement for a home fortification program to improve the nutritional status of young children in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)." (2013)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Innovation
Countries
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted
  • SAM
  • MAM

Formative research for the development of a market‐based home fortification programme for young children in Niger

Tripp, K., Perrine, C. G., de Campos, P., Knieriemen, M., Hartz, R., Jefferds, M. E., Kupka, R.. "Formative research for the development of a market‐based home fortification programme for young children in Niger." Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 , no. Supplement 3 (2011) : 82-95
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
  • Micronutrient products (MNP)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
Countries
  • Niger
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted
  • SAM
  • MAM

Formulation of complementary food using amaranth, chickpea and maize improves iron, calcium and zinc content

Zebdewos, A., Singh, P., Birhanu, G., Whiting, S. J., Henry, C. J., Kebebu, A.. "Formulation of complementary food using amaranth, chickpea and maize improves iron, calcium and zinc content." African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 15 , no. 4 (2015) : 10290-10304
Study Interventions
  • Locally produced
  • Plant-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
Countries
  • Ethiopia
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted

Fortified snack reduced anemia in rural school-aged children of Haiti: a cluster-randomized, controlled trial

Iannotti, L., Dulience, S. J., Joseph, S., Cooley, C., Tufte, T., Cox, K., Eaton, J., Delnatus, J. R., Wolff, P. B.. "Fortified snack reduced anemia in rural school-aged children of Haiti: a cluster-randomized, controlled trial." Plos One 11 , no. 12 (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Haiti
Nutritional Problems
  • Stunted

Gut DNA viromes of Malawian twins discordant for severe acute malnutrition

Reyes, A., Blanton, L. V., Cao, S., Zhao, G., Manary, M., Trehan, I., Smith, M. I., Wang, D., Virgin, H. W., Rohwer, F., Gordon, J. I.. "Gut DNA viromes of Malawian twins discordant for severe acute malnutrition." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112 , no. 38 (2015) : 11941-11946
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • SAM

Gut microbiomes of Malawian twin pairs discordant for kwashiorkor

Smith, M. I., Yatsunenko, T., Manary, M. J., Trehan, I., Mkakosya, R., Cheng, J., Kau, A. L., Rich, S. S., Concannon, P., Mychaleckyj, J. C., Liu, J., Houpt, E., Li, J. V., Holmes, E., Nicholson, J., Knights, D., Ursell, L. K., Knight, R., Gordon, J. I.. "Gut microbiomes of Malawian twin pairs discordant for kwashiorkor." Science 339 , no. 6119 (2013) : 548-554
Study Interventions
  • Lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Effectiveness
Countries
  • Malawi
Nutritional Problems
  • SAM