cRCT to Improve Maternal Nutrition Service Delivery During ANC

Primary Investigator

  • Sk Masum Billah, MPH

Study Period

October 2020 - June 2022

Study Description

Malnutrition among women of reproductive age is a significant public health problem in Bangladesh, with major implications for a woman's own health and that of her newborn child. The principal drivers for maternal malnutrition in Bangladesh are poor-quality diets, care seeking practices and access to health care. An ideal contact point for pregnant women are antenatal care visits (ANC). However, the provision of maternal nutrition services through government systems is inadequate with just 29% of pregnant women attending all 4 ANC visits and 18% of women consuming at least 100 IFA tablets. Moreover, WHO made a context specific recommendation that countries with a high prevalence of nutritional deficiencies may choose to adopt multiple micronutrient supplementation (MMS) over iron folic acid (IFA). The health benefits of MMS cannot be harnessed without a properly functioning delivery platform. A multifaceted approach focusing on improving the quality of ANC, the supply system for these services, engagement with communities, in addition to the adoption of MMS may have large benefits to women and children in Bangladesh. UNICEF and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have partnered with several different organizations, including the GoB, Sight & Life, Pennsylvania State University (PSU) and icddr, b to design and assess outcome of a community based randomized control trial to improve coverage and quality of maternal nutrition service delivery through ANC platform. The investigators hypothesize that implementation of demonstration programme will result in 60% relative improvement in the coverage of 100+ MMS among women who received 4+ANC in the intervention areas compared to the coverage of 100+ IFA among women who received 4+ANC in comparison areas.

Study Interventions

  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
  • Micronutrient powders (MNP)

Research Gaps

  • Acceptability

    Which food products do recipients enjoy eating and have the fewest side effects?

  • Use

    How are supplementary foods dispersed and shared within a household or community? How does their actual use differ from intended use?

Study Population