Published Clinical Trials

This page includes publications from individual clinical trials testing food aid products, and reports and evaluations from programs using food aid products. These resources are tagged according to country, nutritional problem studied, intervention used, study type, year, and author. If relevant to more than one category, the document appears in both categories. New resources are added regularly according to search criteria and standards developed by REFINE.

Do you know of a recently published study or trial that isn’t included here? Email us at REFINEnutrition@gmail.com!


Displaying 1 - 9 of 9 Results
Kumwenda, G., Nhlema, B., Maganga, G., Rogers, B., Walton, S., Boiteau, J., Webb, P.. "Feasibility and acceptability study of preparing corn soy blend with fortified vegetable oil in Malawi: Formative research ." USAID Food Aid Quality Review (2016)
Study Interventions
  • Standard Fortified Food Blends
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition
Klevor, M. K., Adu-Afarwuah, S., Ashorn, P., Arimond, M., Dewey, K. G., Lartey, A., Maleta, K., Phiri, N., Pyykko, J., Zeilani, M., Ashorn, U.. "A mixed method study exploring adherence to and acceptability of small quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) among pregnant and lactating women in Ghana and Malawi ." BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 16 , no. 1 (2016) : 253
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Prevention of Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight
Arimond, M., Zeilani, M., Jungjohann, S., Brown, K. H., Ashorn, P., Allen, L. H., Dewey, K. G.. "Considerations in developing lipid-based nutrient supplements for prevention of undernutrition: experience from the International Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (iLiNS) Project ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 11 , no. S4 (2015) : 31-61
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Prevention of Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight
Flax, V. L., Mäkinen, S., Ashorn, U., Cheung, Y. B., Maleta, K., Ashorn, P., Bentley, M. E.. "Responsive feeding and child interest in food vary when rural Malawian children are fed lipid‐based nutrient supplements or local complementary food ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 9 , no. 3 (2013) : 369-380
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
  • Locally produced
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition
Ashorn, U., Alho, L., Arimond, M., Dewey, K. G., Maleta, K., Phiri, N., Phuka, J., Vosti, S. A., Zeilani, M., Ashorn, P.. "Malawian mothers consider lipid-based nutrient supplements acceptable for children throughout a 1-year intervention, but deviation from user recommendations is common ." The Journal of Nutrition 145 , no. 7 (2015) : 1588-1595
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
  • Animal-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Prevention of Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight
Flax, V. L., Thakwalakwa, C., Phuka, J., Ashorn, U., Cheung, Y. B., Maleta, K., Ashorn, P.. "Malawian mothers' attitudes towards the use of two supplementary foods for moderately malnourished children ." Appetite 53 , no. 2 (2009) : 195-202
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
  • Standard Fortified Food Blends
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition
Wang, R. J., Trehan, I., LaGrone, L. N., Weisz, A. J., Thakwalakwa, C. M., Maleta, K. M., Manary, M. J.. "Investigation of food acceptability and feeding practices for lipid nutrient supplements and blended flours used to treat moderate malnutrition ." Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 45 , no. 3 (2013) : 258-263
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
  • Standard Fortified Food Blends
  • Plant-source protein
  • Animal-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition
Kodish, S., Aburto, N., Hambayi, M. N., Kennedy, C., Gittelsohn, J.. "Identifying the sociocultural barriers and facilitating factors to nutrition-related behavior change: formative research for a stunting prevention program in Ntchisi, Malawi ." Food and Nutrition Bulletin 36 , no. 2 (2015) : 138-153
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
  • Behavior change communication (BCC)
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Use
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Prevention of Stunting, Wasting, and Underweight
Phuka, J., Ashorn, U., Ashorn, P., Zeilani, M., Cheung, Y. B., Dewey, K. G., Manary, M., Maleta, K.. "Acceptability of three novel lipid-based nutrient supplements among Malawian infants and their caregivers ." Maternal & Child Nutrition 7 , no. 4 (2011) : 368-377
Study Interventions
  • Standard Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS)
  • Plant-source protein
  • Animal-source protein
Research Gaps
  • Acceptability
  • Composition
  • Innovation
Nutritional Problems being Studied
  • Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition