Which ingredients offer the best prevention or treatment for undernutrition?

Supporting Literature: 
  • World Health Organization. "Technical note: supplementary foods for the management of moderate acute malnutrition in infants and children 6–59 months of age." (2012).
  • Webb, Patrick, Beatrice Lorge Rogers, Irwin Rosenberg, Nina Schlossman, Christine Wanke, Jack Bagriansky, Kate Sadler, Quentin Johnson, Jessica Tilahun, Amelia Reese Masterson, Anuradha Narayan. 2011. Improving the Nutritional Quality of U.S. Food Aid: Recommendations for Changes to Products and Programs. Boston, MA: Tufts University.
  • Suri, D., et al. (2013). "Protein Quality Workshop: Importance of Protein Quality in Prevention and Treatment of Child Malnutrition." Food & Nutrition Bulletin 34 (2): 223-223.
  • S. de Pee and M.W. Bloem. Current and Potential Role of Specially Formulated Foods and Food Supplements for Preventing Malnutrition among 6- to 23-month old Children and for treating moderate malnutrition among 6- to 59-month old children. Food Nutr Bull 2009; 30.
  • Shoham, Jeremy, et al. "Proceedings of the World Health Organization/UNICEF/World Food Programme/United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Consultation on the management of moderate malnutrition in children under 5 years of age." Food and nutrition bulletin. Vol. 30. No. 3 (Supplement). United Nations University Press, 2009. 
  • Stone-Jimenez, Maryanne. "Preventing Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) Through Nutrition-Specific Interventions." (2014).
  • Webb, Patrick. "Standards of Evidence for Research on ‘What Works’ in the Management of MAM." (2014).
    Annan, Reginald A., Patrick Webb, and Rebecca Brown. "Management of Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM): Current Knowledge and Practice."(2014).
  • Webb, Patrick, Erin Boyd, Saskia de Pee, Lindsey Lenters, Martin Bloem and Werner Schultink. "Nutrition in Emergencies: Do We Know What Works?" Food Policy 49,  (2014): 33-40.
Long Description: 

- Do animal or plant proteins lead to better growth outcomes? - What is the minimum quantity of protein to achieve desired nutrition outcomes? - Do cereal or lipid-based products have better outcomes?

Effectiveness of Multiple Micro-nutrient Fortified Fudge on Nutritional Status of 3-5 Years of Age Children

Multiple micro-nutrient deficiencies in Pakistan is wide spread, there is dire need to address these by using smart solutions, among them multiple fortified product (fudge) is an alternate possible way to address this issue. Fortified products have the potential to reduce micronutrient deficiencies in children, therefore in current study children from 3-5 years will receive fortified product along with enhance nutrition promotional information to bring change in their dietary practices and nutritional indices.

Evaluating the effectiveness of a legume-enriched nutritional intervention, in treatment of severe undernutrition in children

Severe acute malnutrition is a serious illness and a common problem. In malnutrition, the gut becomes damaged and does not function properly. This means a lot of the food is lost in the stool, sometimes as diarrhoea, and not enough food gets into the body. Healthy bacteria live in the gut and do not cause any illness, but the types of bacteria may change in malnutrition to ones that can cause serious infections. Good bacteria use food that the body cannot digest (fibre/roughage) and turn it into helpful products.

Effectiveness of SNF, Cash and BCC to Prevent Stunting Among Children 6-24 Months in Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan

Malnutrition is a public health problem, with long-lasting physiological consequences and increased risk of morbidity and mortality. It can be recognized as one of the key obstacles in national development, due to its influence on individual productivity, school performance and physical work capacity. Malnutrition is a hidden crisis in Pakistan, with rates increasing during the last decade. High prevalence of food insecurity, illiteracy, lack of nutritional knowledge, poor hygiene status, and under recognized role of nutrition are some of the possible causes.