What novel food-based products and programming methods effectively prevent and treat undernutrition?

Supporting Literature: 
  • Webb, Patrick, Beatrice Lorge Rogers, Irwin Rosenberg, Nina Schlossman, Christine Wanke, Jack Bagriansky, Kate Sadler, Quentin Johnson, Jessica Tilahun, Amelia Reese Masterson, Anuradha Narayan. 2011. Improving the Nutritional Quality of U.S. Food Aid: Recommendations for Changes to Products and Programs. Boston, MA: Tufts University.
  • 2013 Maternal and Child Nutrition series - The Lancet
  • Shoham, Jeremy, et al. "Proceedings of the World Health Organization/UNICEF/World Food Programme/United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Consultation on the management of moderate malnutrition in children under 5 years of age." Food and nutrition bulletin. Vol. 30. No. 3 (Supplement). United Nations University Press, 2009.
  • Stone-Jimenez, Maryanne. "Preventing Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) Through Nutrition-Specific Interventions." (2014).
  • Webb, Patrick. "Standards of Evidence for Research on ‘What Works’ in the Management of MAM." (2014).
Long Description: 

- Are cash transfers better than food aid alone?
- Does including a behavior change communication aspect in food aid programs lead to better outcomes?
- Can locally produced foods reduce undernutrition?

REFANI Pakistan study - effect of differing modalities of cash transfers on reducing the risk of wasting in children in Pakistan

The nutritional situation of children in Pakistan is one of the worst in the world with few improvements seen during the past decade. Wasting (thinness) is particularly high in Sindh Province, especially during the summer lean period. Sindh is also prone to natural disasters, especially flooding, and mitigation strategies are necessary to deal with the increased risk of wasting in children.

Package of interventions after recovering from moderate acute malnutrition

Children who recover from moderate acute malnutrition in Malawi remain at high risk for relapse or death in the year following recovery. This cluster-randomized trial will evaluate a package of affordable, safe, proven interventions specifically targeted to this population of children in an attempt to decrease their risk of relapse or death following recovery from moderate acute malnutrition. These children will be followed for a year following recovery to assess rates of relapse and mortality.

The impact of legumes vs corn-soy flour on environmental enteric dysfunction in rural Malawian children 1-3 year olds

To determine if 12 months of legume-based complementary foods is effective in reducing or reversing EED and linear growth faltering in a cohort of Malawian children, aged 12-35 months to see if these improvements are correlated with specific changes in the enteric microbiome. 

Follow Up of Severely Malnourished Children (FUSAM)

The overall objective of the research is to assess the long-term and cost-effectiveness of a combined nutrition psychosocial intervention to a stand-alone nutritional treatment of children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) aged 6 to 24 months in the Saptari District of Nepal. In Nepal, the majority of SAM children are treated with therapeutic food in community/home-based care, and little is known about the long-term sustainability of the nutritional and health benefits of treatment after rehabilitation.

Stunting prevention project in Thatta and Sajawal Districts, Sindh Province, Pakistan

Widespread food insecurity and malnutrition are largely the main impairing factors for human capital development in Pakistan. Rates of chronic malnutrition are very high, and acute malnutrition is critical: 44% of children under five are stunted and nationwide global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates amongst children under five exceed the WHO critical threshold of 15%. Nutritional status trends also show a deteriorating situation since 1994, when stunting rates were at 36%.

Creating homestead agriculture for nutrition and gender equity (CHANGE) in Burkina Faso

The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term impact of the Enhanced Homestead Food Production Program implemented by HKI on household food security and nutritional status, as well as the impact on including additional interventions (BCC on WASH and malaria prevention, distribution of preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS)) to children aged 6-24 months old, in addition to the standard E-HFP model.